The modules I use besides SSL, PHP and frontpage are:
Module env_module mod_env.o Module config_log_module mod_log_config.o Module mime_module mod_mime.o Module negotiation_module mod_negotiation.o Module dir_module mod_dir.o Module cgi_module mod_cgi.o Module asis_module mod_asis.o Module imap_module mod_imap.o Module action_module mod_actions.o Module alias_module mod_alias.o Module rewrite_module mod_rewrite.o Module access_module mod_access.o Module auth_module mod_auth.o Module anon_auth_module mod_auth_anon.o Module digest_module mod_digest.o Module expires_module mod_expires.o Module headers_module mod_headers.o Module browser_module mod_browser.o
If you are an ISP (you probably are when you read this) you will want to improve security. The suexec utility allows you to do so; it will execute cgi's under the UID of the webowner instead of executing it under the webservers UID. Go to
chmod 4711 suxec and copy it to the location specified in
../src/httpd.h which is
/usr/local/etc/httpd/sbin/suexec by default. If the path seems a little cryptic to you - it did to me - edit
httpd.h and set the path to a more comfortable value.
/usr/src/apache_1.2.6/src and edit
Configuration to set all the Modules you want to include in your Apache daemon. When done, run
make. This is the last (and most complicated) compilation step, so cross your fingers. If it succeeds,
cp httpsd to
/usr/sbin. The daemon is somewhat big, consider this when assembling your webserver. Create the directory
/var/httpd with subdirectories
srm.conf-dist to suit your needs and copy them to
mime.types. Copy the
httpsd.pem you created with
make certificate to
/var/httpd/conf. Use the following
ServerType standalone Port 80 Listen 80 Listen 443 User wwwrun Group wwwrun ServerAdmin email@example.com ServerRoot /var/httpd ErrorLog logs/error_log TransferLog logs/access_log PidFile logs/httpd.pid ServerName www.yourhost.com MinSpareServers 3 MaxSpareServers 20 StartServers 3 SSLCACertificatePath /var/httpd/conf SSLCACertificateFile /var/httpd/conf/httpsd.pem SSLCertificateFile /var/httpd/conf/httpsd.pem SSLLogFile /var/httpd/logs/ssl.log <VirtualHost www.virt1.com> SSLDisable ServerAdmin firstname.lastname@example.org DocumentRoot /var/httpd/virt1 ScriptAlias /cgi-bin/ /var/httpd/virt1/cgi-bin/ ServerName www.virt1.com ErrorLog logs/virt1-error.log TransferLog logs/virt1-access.log User virt1admin Group users </VirtualHost> <VirtualHost www.virt1.com:443> ServerAdmin email@example.com DocumentRoot /var/httpd/virt1 ScriptAlias /cgi-bin/ /var/httpd/virt1/cgi-bin/ ServerName www.virt1.com ErrorLog logs/virt1-ssl-error.log TransferLog logs/virt1-ssl-access.log User virt1admin Group users SSLCACertificatePath /var/httpd/conf SSLCACertificateFile /var/httpd/conf/httpsd.pem SSLCertificateFile /var/httpd/conf/httpsd.pem SSLLogFile /var/httpd/logs/virt1-ssl.log SSLVerifyClient 0 SSLFakeBasicAuth </VirtualHost> <VirtualHost www.virt2.com> SSLDisable ServerAdmin firstname.lastname@example.org DocumentRoot /var/httpd/virt2 ScriptAlias /cgi-bin/ /var/httpd/virt2/cgi-bin/ ServerName www.virt2.com ErrorLog logs/virt2-error.log TransferLog logs/virt2-access.log </VirtualHost>
Depending on the modules compiled in, not all directives may be available. You can retrieve a list of available directives with
/usr/local/frontpage/version3.0/bin and load
apache-fp. The next questions should be answered the following way:
Enter server config filename: /var/httpd/conf/httpd.conf Enter host name for multi-hosting : www.virt2.com Starting install, port: www.virt2.com:80, web: "" Enter user's name : virt2admin Enter user's password: Confirm password: Creating root web Recalculate links for root web Install completed.
The user name must be the unix login of the webowner. The password does not necessarily have to match the system password. You have to manually add
sendmailcommand:/usr/sbin/sendmail %r to
/usr/local/frontpage/www.virt2.com:80.conf, otherwise your users will not be able to send web-generated eMails.
kill -HUP your
httpsd to make fp reread its config. You can now access
www.virt2.com with your frontpage client.
Under some circumstances
fpsrvadm complaints that a root web has to be installed first. This is pretty useless, but you should do so to silence
Start Apache with
httpsd -f /var/httpd/conf/httpd.conf. You can now access
www.virt1.com both through http and https which is pretty cool. Of course you have to pay for a real certificate if you want to offer webwide SSL or users might laugh at you.
Copy one of the demo files from the php examples directory to
virt1 to test phtml.
Do not use frontpage 97 extensions. They do not work, at least under Linux. When installing specific versions of the c++ libraries, they appear to work but your logs will soon fill with
premature end of script headers and your mailbox will fill with complaints. Do not use frontpage 98 extensions before version 188.8.131.520. Do not be confused, version numbers are somewhat inheterogenous. When telnetting to port 80, typing "get / http/1.0" and hitting return twice, you get a version number 3.0.4 for frontpage.
You can find out the more specific version number by executing
/usr/local/frontpage/currentversion/exes/_vti_bin/shtml.exe -version. Older versions have a nasty bug that requires httpd.conf to be writable by the gid of the webserver. This should make you scream if you are at all concerned about security. Versions since 184.108.40.2060 are more usable.
Recalculate Links in the frontpage client, the server starts a process that consumes 99% cpu cycles and some 10 mb of memory. But even for medium-sized webs and fast machines, the client sometimes recieves a timeout message, though the calculation will be finished correctly. Inform frontpage users to be patient and not to hit
Recalculate Links several times. Inform yourself to equip the server with at least 64MB.
Please note that at the time of writing both SSL and frontpage work, but not at the same time, that means you can neither publish your web using ssl nor make use of the webbots through https. You can publish your web on port 80 and access it encrypted on port 443, but your counters etc. will be broken. I consider this a bug. This problem shall be fixed in SSL 0.9.0.
For those who think the title of this howto is nearly as long as the document: Did you ever listened to Meat Loaf?
O.K. readers, you're done for today. Feel free to send me your feedback, eternal gratitude, flowers, ecash, cars, oil sources etc.