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4. Actual Experiences - Adding linux to New Computer Preloaded with Windows 98

Nancy is unfamiliar with keeping a log, so Tom prepared it for her as he unboxed and assembled her new computer. tom also knows that it is far easier to remove the computer case once and record all the model numbers, chipsets, and model types than it is to later open the case to get a single model number or to guess the information that will be later needed. During the computer service life, only 10% of the numbers collected will ever be used, but there is no easy way to predict which 10%.

The following is an extract from Nancy's log. Identidation numbers have been changed and some irrelevant data has been removed. Most of the data came from the invoice that accomapanied the computer and the specifications [Start\Run...\] Open: c:\DELL\DOCS\EDOCS.EXE [OK] that were provided on the computer.

4.1. Configuration

A hardcopy of critical portions of this information, master disks, and backup disks is kept in a white binder, located physically close to this host, labelled Nancy System Administration Log.

4.1.1. Hardware

Table 9. Hardware

Date Bay or Slot Contents
1999-10-21 Primary Hard Disk Bay Hard Disk
1999-10-21 Secondary Hard Disk Bay empty
1999-10-21 Diskette Drive Bay Floppy Disk
1999-10-21 Drive Cage Top 5.25" Bay CD Writer
1999-10-21 Drive Cage Bottom 5.25" Bay empty
1999-10-21 Drive Cage Top 3.5" Bay empty
1999-10-21 Drive Cage Bottom 3.5" Bay empty
1999-10-21 Dimm Socket Bank 0 RAM
1999-10-21 Dimm Socket Bank 1 empty
1999-10-21 Dirmm Socket Bank 2 empty
1999-10-21 Primary EIDE Bus Hard Disk
1999-10-21 Secondary EIDE Bus CD Writer
1999-10-21 ISA Expansion Slot empty
1999-10-21 PCI Expansion Slot 1 empty
1999-10-21 PCI Expansion Slot 2 Modem
1999-10-21 PCI Expansion Slot 3 empty
1999-10-21 PCI Expansion Slot 4 Sound
1999-10-21 PCI Expansion Slot 5 empty
1999-10-21 AGP Port Graphics

4.1.2. Components

Table 10. Components

Date Component Action
1999-10-21 Case
Mfr Dell  
Model Dimension XPS Txxx  
Mfr Date mmddyy  
P/N 01968D Rev A04  
S/N nnnaa  
DP/N 000338D Rev A00  
DS/N xxxxx-xxx-xxxx  
FCC Class B
1999-10-21 Dell Dimension XPS Txxx Reference and Troubleshooting Guide
Mfr Dell
Model MMS
P/N 8868D Rev. A01
1999-10-21 Central Procssing Unit
procssor: 0  
vendor_id: GenuineIntel  
cpu family: 6 (Pentium III)  
model: 7  
model name: 00/07  
stepping: 3  
cpu MHZ: 448.971025  
cache size: 512 KB  
fdiv_bug: no  
hlt_bug: no  
sep_fug: no  
f00f_bug: no  
coma_bug: no  
fpu: yes  
fpu_exception: yes  
cpuid level: 2  
wp: yes  
flags: fpu vme de pse tsc msr pae mce cx8 sep mtrr pge mca
cmov pat  
bogomips: 447.28  
FCC Class B
1999-10-21 System Battery
CR2032 3.0V
1999-10-21 System Board
DP/N AA722396-109 Rev. A01
S/N xxxxxxxx-xxxxx-xxx-xxxx
FCC Class B
1999-10-21 Hard Disk
Primary Hard Disk Bay  
Primary EIDE Bus  
FCC Class B  

Capacity 13.6 GB  
RPM 7200RPM  
LBA 26.712.000 SECTORS  
CYL 1661  

Mfr IBM Disk Storage Products KFT.  
Model DPTA-371360 IDE/ATA  
MLC F42312  
P/N 31L9151  
DP/N 0003570T-47710-9A2-31TJ  
Rev A00
1999-10-21 Floppy Disk
Diskette Drive Bay
FCC Class B

Mfr Sony
Model MPF920
S/N xxxxxxxx
DP/N 0003884D Rev A00
DS/N xxxxx-xxx-xxxx
1999-10-21 CD Writer
Drive Cage Top "5.25" Bay  
Secondary EIDE Bus  
FCC Class B  

 R Audio Out  
 L Audio Out  
 CSEL (closed)  
 SLAVE (open)  
 MASTER (open)  
 ATAPI Cable (40-pin keyed)  
 Power Supply (IBM 4-pin)  

CDR 4x  
CDRW 4x  
Read 24x  

Mfr Sony  
M/N CRX100E  
S/N xxxxxx  
DP/N 0002064P Rev A00  
DS/N xxxxx-xxx-xxxx
1999-10-21 RAM
Dimm Socket Bank 0
FCC Class B  

16Mx 64 MB SDRAM  

Mfr Toshiba  
M/N THMY6416H1EG-A0  
S/N xxxxxx/xxxxxxx
1999-10-21 Modem
PCI Expansion Slot 2  
J8 -> Sound Telephone Audio Out  
FCC Class B  

See CD 3Com U.S.Robotics  
Modem CD-ROM  

USRobotics V.90/56K  
Model 0727  
Mfr 3Com  
Product 3CP3298-DEL  
SN xxxxxxxxxxxx  
DP/N 00046XVP Rev A00  
DS/N xxxxx-xxx-xxxx
1999-10-21 Sound
Montego II  
PCI Expansion Slot 4  
CD IN -> CD Writer Audio Out  
TAO -> Modem J8  
FCC Class B  

Mfr Turtle Beach  
Model A3D 320V  
DP/N 0005931D Rev A00  
DS/N xxxxx-xxx-xxxx
1999-10-21 Graphics
AGP Port  
FCC Class B  

Mfr ATI Technologies Inc  
P/N 1024980311010171  
S/N xxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxx.  
DP/N 0000320D Rev A00  
DS/N xxxxx-xxx-xxxx
1999-10-21 Power Supply
FCC Class B
DP/N 0009228C Rev N02
DS/N xxxxx-xxx-xxxx
1999-10-21 Monitor
FCC Class B  

17" (15.3" visible)  
Color 1024x768  
See CD Displays by Dell  
Ultrascan P780 Color Monitor  

Mfr Dell Computer, Inc.  
Model UltraScan P780  
P/N 6271R  
S/N xxxxxxxxxxx
1999-10-21 Speakers
Right Analog Input -> Sound ((( )))  
FCC Class B  

Mfr Harmon/Kardon  
Right M/N HK195  
Right P/N 3862A201  
Right DP/N ZL001-98U Rev B  
Right DS/N xxxxx-xx  
Left M/N HK195  
Left DP/N ZL001-98URev B  
Left DS/N xx-xx  
Adapter M/N A41411C  
Adapter P/N HK195-01T  
Adapter Input 60Hz 22W  
Adapter Output 15VAC 1.1A
1999-10-21 Keyboard
PS/2 Keyboard Connector
FCC Class B

Mfr Dell
DP/N 0004939R Rev A00
DS/N xxxxx-xxx-xxxx
1999-10-21 Mouse
MS IntelliMouse  
PS/2 Mouse Connector  
FCC Class B  

Mfr Microsoft Inc.  
Model IntelliMouse 1.1A PS/2  
S/N xxxxxxxxx  
DP/N 03235E Rev A00
1999-10-21 Microphone
-> Sound Mic In
FCC Class B

4.1.3. BIOS

Table 11. BIOS

Date Component Action
1999-10-21 Setup Procedure Restart When Dell splash screen appears, [del] Dell Dimension XPS T450 Setup
1999-10-21 Main\BIOS Version A05
1999-10-21 Main\Processor Type Pentium(R) III
1999-10-21 Main\processor Speed 450 MHz
1999-10-21 Main\Cache RAM 512KB
1999-10-21 Main\Service Tag zzzzz
1999-10-21 Main\System memory 128 MB
1999-10-21 Main\L2 Cache ECC Support Auto
1999-10-21 Advanced\Peripheral Configuration\Plug & Play O/S No
1999-10-21 Advanced\Peripheral Configuration\Reset Configuration Data No
1999-10-21 Advanced\Peripheral Configuration\NumLock Auto
1999-10-21 Advanced\Peripheral Configuration\Serial Port A Auto
1999-10-21 Advanced\Peripheral Configuration\Parallel Port Auto
1999-10-21 Advanced\Peripheral Configuration\Mode ECP
1999-10-21 Advanced\Peripheral Configuration\Legacy USB Support Enabled
1999-10-21 Advanced\IDE Configuration\IDE Controller Both
1999-10-21 Advanced\IDE Configuration\Primary IDE Master IBM-DPTA-371360-(PM)
1999-10-21 Advanced\IDE Configuration\Primary IDE Slave None
1999-10-21 Advanced\IDE Configuration\Secondary IDE Master CD-RW CRX100E- (SM)
1999-10-21 Advanced\IDE Configuration\Secondary IDE Slave None
1999-10-21 Advanced\Diskette Options\Diskette Controller Enabled
1999-10-21 Advanced\Diskette Options\Diskette A 1.44/1.25 MB 3.5"
1999-10-21 Advanced\Diskette Options\Diskette Write Protect Space Available
1999-10-21 Advanced\DMI Event Logging\Event log validity Valid
1999-10-21 Advanced\DMI Event Logging\View DMI event log No unread events
1999-10-21 Advanced\DMI Event Logging\Clear all DMI event logs No
1999-10-21 Advanced\DMI Event Logging\DMI event logging Enabled
1999-10-21 Advanced\DMI Event Logging\Mark DMI events as read No unread events
1999-10-21 Advanced\Video Configuration\ISA Palette Snooping Disabled
1999-10-21 Advanced\Video Configuration\AGP Aperature Size 64MB
1999-10-21 Advanced\Video Configuration\Default Primary Video Adapter AGP
1999-10-21 Advanced\Resource Configuration\C800-CBFF Available
1999-10-21 Advanced\Recource Configuration\CC00-CFFF Available
1999-10-21 Advanced\Recource Configuration\4000-43FF Available
1999-10-21 Advanced\Recource Configuration\4400-47FF Available
1999-10-21 Advanced\Recource Configuration\4800-4BFF Available
1999-10-21 Advanced\Recource Configuration\4C00-4FFF Available
1999-10-21 Advanced\Recource Configuration\IRQ 3 Available
1999-10-21 Advanced\Recource Configuration\IRQ 4 Available
1999-10-21 Advanced\Recource Configuration\IRQ 5 Reserved
1999-10-21 Advanced\Recource Configuration\IRQ 7 Available
1999-10-21 Advanced\Recource Configuration\IRQ 10 Available
1999-10-21 Advanced\Recource Configuration\IRQ 11 Available
1999-10-21 Power\Power Management Enabled
1999-10-21 Power\Inactivity Timer Off
1999-10-21 Power\Hard Drive Enabled
1999-10-21 Power\VESA Video Power Down Standby
1999-10-21 Boot\Boot-time Diagnostic Screen Disabled
1999-10-21 Boot\QuickBoot Mode Disabled
1999-10-21 Boot\First Boot Device Removable Devices
1999-10-21 Boot\Second Boot Device (obsolete) Hard Disk
1999-10-21 Boot\Second Boot Device ATAPI CD-ROM Driv
1999-10-21 Boot\Third Boot Device (obsolete) ATAPI CD-ROM Driv
1999-10-21 Boot\Third Boot Device Hard Disk
1999-10-21 Boot\Fourth Boot Device Network Drive
1999-10-21 Boot\Hard Drive\1 IBM-DPTA-371360-(PM)
1999-10-21 Boot\Hard Drive\2 Bootable Add-In Card
1999-10-21 Boot\Removable Devices\1 Legacy Floppy Drive

4.1.4. Firmware

Table 12. Firmware

Date Component Action
1999-10-21 Partition Table
tomsrtbt-1.6.335 (linux-2.0.35)  
fdisk> p  
 Disk /dev/hda: 255 heads, 63 sectors, 1024 cylinders  
 Units = cylinders of 16085 * 512 bytes  

 Drive     Boot Start   End    Blocks  Id  System  
 /dev/hda1  *       1  1662  13349983+ 0c  Win95 FAT32

Partition has different physical/logical endings  
phys = (1022, 254, 63)  logical = (1661, 254, 63)
1999-10-22 Partition Table
Windows98 Startup Disk +fips.exe  
A:\> fips  
(Ignore warning about physical != logical length)  
Save current partition info: yes  
(saved as rootboot.000)  
New partition start: 501  

tomsrtbt-1.6.335 (linux-2.0.35)  
bash>/bin/fdisk -v  
fips Version 2.8  
fdisk> p  
Disk /dev/hda: 255 heads, 63 sectors, 1661 cylinders  
Units = cylinders of 16085 * 512 bytes  

  Drive  Boot  Start  End    Blocks   Id  System  
/dev/hda1 *        1   501   402451+  0c  Win95 FAT32 (LBA)  
/dev/hda2        502  1002   402482   83  Linux Native  
/dev/hda3       1003  1011    72292   82  Linux Swap  
/dev/hda4       1012  1661  5221125   83  Linux Native
1999-10-21 Windows Operating System

Language English (United States)  
Keyboard United States 101  
First and Middle Jo'an K.  
Last Name Meier  
Country Code United States of America  
Area Code 336  
Access Code No  
Touch Tone Yes  
Time Zone (GMT-05:00) United States Eastern  
Daylight Savings Time Automatic  
Mfr Microsoft  
Model Windows98 2nd Ed  
Product Key G74XD-KMV7J-XJC3X-PYBG6-DHPP6  
S/N xxxxxxxxxx  
DP/N 08001T Rev. A00
1999-11-03 linux Operating System

reboot CDROM1  
linuxrc v0.91 (kernel 2.2.10)  

linuxrc> ... language ... English  
... display ...? Color display  
... keyboard ... English (US)  
Main menu  
  System Information  
    Harddisks / CD-ROMS  
      (Hard Disk and CD-ROM found)  
      (no bugs)  
  Start Installation / System  
    Start Installation  
      Source: CD-ROM  

Yast v1. 01  
 Install Linux from scratch  
   ... format ... yes  
  [PARTITION HARDDRIVES/Do not Partition]  
   /dev/hda1     no    vfat /WinC Win95 FAT32  
   /dev/hda2 ... check ext2 /     Linux  
   /dev/hda4     no    vfat /WinD Win95 FAT32  
   Create/Change Configuration  
   Xserver = svga (otherwise unrecognized)  
  [SELECT KERNEL/Standard (E)IDE Kernel]
1999-11-05 Root password
In sealed envelope in hardcopy log.
1999-11-05 X11
1999-11-05 X11 mouse
bash> yast 
[System Administration/X86 Configuration/SaX] 
  Vendor: Microsoft 
  Name: Intellimouse PS/2 
  Port: PS/2 
  Buttons: 3 
   Protocol: IMPS/2 
   Device: /dev/psaux 
1999-11-05 X11 keyboard
bash> yast 
[System Administration/X86 Configuration/SaX] 
  Model: Dell 101-key PC 
  Language: U.S. English 
1999-11-05 X11 Graphics Card
bash> yast 
[System Administration/X86 Configuration/SaX] 
  Vendor: ATI 
  Model: XPERT98 
   Server: XF86_mach64 
   Memory: 8192k 
   DAC: 207 
1999-11-05 X11  
1999-11-05 TimeZone

Hardware Clock set to local time
1999-11-05 Network
Hostname: xxxxxxx

No network card
1999-11-05 Mail
Modem will be used  

[SENDMAIL CONFIGRUATION/... temporary connection ...]
1999-11-05 Boot Manager

Windows /dev/hda1  
SuSE /dev/hda2 /boot/vmlinuz
1999-10-21 Partition 1 Filesystem
1999-11-02 Partition 2 Filesystem
omsrtbt-1.6.335 (linux-2.0.35)
bash> /bin/mke2fs -c /dev/hda2
bash> /bin/e2fsck /dev/hda2
1999-11-02 Partition 3 Filesystem
tomsrtbt-1.6.335 (linux-2.0.35)
bash> /bin/mkswap -c /dev/hda3
1999-10-21 Partition 4 Filesystem

[[My Computer]] {(D:)} [Format ...] [Format type\Full] [Start] 


ScanDisk reported no errors in a thorough test.