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3. Installing Oracle 8i, version 8.1.7

3.1 Setting up oracle's shell

Login as oracle user, edit the file .bash_profile and copy the following lines into it:

# +------------------------------------------------------------+
# | FILE          : .bash_profile                              |
# +------------------------------------------------------------+

umask 022
EDITOR=vi;                   export EDITOR
TERM=xterm;                  export TERM
TMPDIR=/tmp;                 export TMPDIR

# +--------------------------+
# | SETUP ORACLE ENVIRONMENT |
# +--------------------------+

export ORACLE_SID=O817DB
export ORACLE_BASE=/u01/app/oracle
export ORACLE_HOME=/u01/app/oracle/product/8.1.7

export LD_LIBRARY_PATH=$ORACLE_HOME/lib:/lib:/usr/lib:/usr/local/lib
export TNS_ADMIN=$ORACLE_HOME/network/admin

export NLS_LANG=AMERICAN_AMERICA.WE8ISO8859P1
export ORA_NLS33=$ORACLE_HOME/ocommon/nls/admin/data

export ORACLE_OWNER=oracle
export ORACLE_TERM=xterm

# +--------------------------+
# | LINUX STUFF              |
# +--------------------------+

export LD_ASSUME_KERNEL=2.2.5
source /usr/i386-glibc21-linux/bin/i386-glibc21-linux-env.sh

# +--------------------------+
# | SETUP SEARCH PATH        |
# +--------------------------+

PATH=$ORACLE_HOME/bin:/opt/bin:/bin:/usr/bin:/usr/local/bin:/usr/sbin:/usr/X11R6/bin:/usr/local/java/bin:.
export PATH

# +--------------------------+
# | SETUP JAVA ENVIRONMENT   |
# +--------------------------+

export JAVA_HOME=/usr/local/java

export CLASSPATH=/u01/app/oracle/product/8.1.7/jdbc/lib/classes12.zip:/u01/app/oracle/product/8.1.7/JRE:/u01/app/oracle/product/8.1.7/jlib:/u01/app/oracle/product/8.1.7/rdbms/jlib:/u01/app/oracle/product/8.1.7/network/jlib:.

# +-------------+
# | "GREETINGS" |
# +-------------+
echo ".bash_profile executed"

Save the new version of .bash_profile and re-read it, by issuing:

bash$ source .bash_profile

Finally, if you have not any window manager running, it is time to let it running.

3.2 Starting the installer

We shall work under the hypothesis that you want to install cdrom Oracle distribution. Mount the cdrom with:

bash$ mount /mnt/cdrom
and move to the directory that contains the installer:
bash$ cd /mnt/cdrom/install/linux
Then, launch the installer by:
bash$ ./runInstaller
and follow the steps on the GUI it should appear:
  1. after a first click on NEXT verify that the proposed path is:
    /u01/app/oracle/product/8.1.7
    
    and click NEXT again;
  2. fill in the filed Unix Group Name with the value:
    oinstall
    
    If, for any reasons, this is not your first attempt to install Oracle, you will not be prompted for the Unix Group Name. In this case jump to step 4, below.
  3. A pop-up window will ask you to run a script as root user, so, open a terminal emulator and type in:
    bash$ su
    bash# cd $ORACLE_HOME
    bash# ./orainstRoot.sh
    
    When you're done click Retry on the pop-up window.
  4. You are now given the option of what to install. Choose Oracle Enterprise Edition, and click Next.

    It should now allow you to choose what you install with much finer granularity. Unless you're particularly constrained by disk space or know exactly what you need, choose Typical and click Next.

  5. When it asks you the Global database name, if you do not have any particular needs you can type in oracle.localdomain. Also, verify that the values of SID is set to:
    O817DB
    
    Then, click Next.
  6. The next step is to set the location of the database. Type in:
    /u01
    
    and click Next.
  7. Finally, you are asked to indicate the location where you put java. If you followed our suggestions the path is already:
    /usr/local/java
    
    Since it is fine, click Next, and, then Install.
  8. The installation completes by a pop-up windows that asks you to run a script as root. If you closed the previously opened terminal open one again and type:
    bash$  su
    bash# cd $ORACLE_HOME
    bash# ./root.sh
    
    After the script completes, click OK on the pop-up window.
  9. Oracle Net8 Configuration starts. Choose Perform typical configuration and click Next.
  10. The configuration tool that starts is the Database Configuration Assistant.

    It may signal errors like:

    ORA-03114: not connected to  ORACLE
    
    The temporary solution is to just click on Abort. These kinds of errors will be recovered in a few!!

    When the Database Configuration Assistant concludes its tasks, just click on Next and the installation concludes.

    If you needed to click on Abort, you must:

    • Download the patch: glibc-2.1.3-stubs.tar.gz
    • move it into ORACLE_HOME by:
              bash$ mv ./glibc-2.1.3-stubs.tar.gz $ORACLE_HOME
              
      
      and let ORACLE_HOME your working directory:
              bash$ cd  $ORACLE_HOME
              
      
    • uncompress and untar the patch:
              bash$ gunzip glibc-2.1.3-stubs.tar.gz
              bash$ tar xvf glibc-2.1.3-stubs.tar
              
      
    • run the patch script:
              bash$ ./setup_stubs.sh
              
      
      When it stops you are done!

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