Linuxdoc Linux Questions
Click here to ask our community of linux experts!
Custom Search

6. Graphics

Among the scores of graphic packages available, gnuplot stands out for its power and ease of use. Go to X and type gnuplot, and have two sample data files ready: 2D-data.dat (two data per line), and 3D-data.dat (three data per line).

Examples of 2-D graphs:

gnuplot> set title "my first graph"
gnuplot> plot '2D-data.dat'
gnuplot> plot '2D-data.dat' with linespoints
gnuplot> plot '2D-data.dat', sin(x)
gnuplot> plot [-5:10] '2D-data.dat'

Example of 3-D graphs (each `row' of X values is followed by a blank line):

gnuplot> set parametric ; set hidden3d ; set contour
gnuplot> splot '3D-data.dat' using 1:2:3 with linespoints

A single-column datafile (e.g., a time series) can also be plotted as a 2-D graph:

gnuplot> plot [-5:15] '2D-data-1col.dat' with linespoints

or as a 3-D graph (blank lines in the datafile, as above):

gnuplot> set noparametric ; set hidden3d
gnuplot> splot '3D-data-1col.dat' using 1 with linespoints

To print a graph: if the command to print on your Postscript printer is lpr -Pps, issue:

gnuplot> set term post
gnuplot> set out '| lpr -Pps'
gnuplot> replot

then type set term x11 to restore. Don't get confused---the last print will come out only when you quit gnuplot.

For more info, type help or see the examples in directory /usr/lib/gnuplot/demos/, if you have it.