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7. Unreal Tournament

Unreal Tournament is a very addictive first person shooter which is designed to be run in one of several modes; DeathMatch, Capture the Flag, Last Man Standing and Assault are the most popular. It features bots, a bevy of weapons and plenty of community support. It was originally ported as an in-house development effort at Epic but later releases are handled by Loki Software. Current version as of this writing is 436.

7.1. System requirements

As always, the system requirements will vary slightly depending on the number of players on the server. Here are the basics:

  • Pentium 266 (For more than 8 users, a faster server is recommended)

  • At least 32 MB RAM (For a VERY dedicated machine. The more maps, skins, mutators, bots, and players that are online, the more RAM the server will use.) 64 MB is highly recommended.

  • Linux kernel 2.2.14 or later, Glibc 2.1 or later.

  • The retail Unreal Tournament CD (Just the first one is necessary).

  • At least 500 MB disk space. Maps, skins, and mods will require a bit more.

  • Enough bandwidth if you're going to run an Internet server. Epic recommends about 20kbps per player.

7.2. Installing

First, download the latest ut-install file from Loki's website. As of this version of the HOWTO, that is 436.

Mount the Unreal Tournament CD (Usually /cdrom or /mnt/cdrom), and run the ut-install*.run file. It will verify the archive, check the CD for the appropriate files, and begin installing. It will ask you where you want to install UT to, as well as a few other questions. It is actually fairly painless.

Once you have it installed, you will want to change ownership of the files to the user ID that they will be running under (See Security and permissions).

7.3. Configuring

Now it's time to write a config file. Unreal Tournament uses an INI-style config file format which is exactly like Windows INI files. This config file will contain ALL the variables the server will use, including game types, defaults for those types, number of players, bots, etc. The cfg's should be kept in the System/ directory (either $UTROOT/System/ or ~/.loki/ut/System/). If you have an UnrealTournament.ini and/or User.ini in that System/ directory, it will be loaded and can override settings in the server's cfg file. This is a sanitized copy of my server's cfg file (called ucc.ini):

----[snip]-----
[URL]
Protocol=unreal
ProtocolDescription=Unreal Protocol
Name=Player
Map=Index.unr
LocalMap=DM-Deck16][.unr
Host=
Portal=
MapExt=unr
SaveExt=usa
Port=7777
Class=Botpack.TMale1

[FirstRun]
FirstRun=428

[PackageRemap]
UnrealShare=UnrealI

[Engine.Engine]
GameRenderDevice=NullDrv.NullRenderDevice
WindowedRenderDevice=NullDrv.NullRenderDevice
RenderDevice=NullDrv.NullRenderDevice
AudioDevice=NullDrv.NullRenderDevice
NetworkDevice=IpDrv.TcpNetDriver
DemoRecordingDevice=Engine.DemoRecDriver
Console=UTMenu.UTConsole
Language=int
GameEngine=Engine.GameEngine
EditorEngine=Editor.EditorEngine
DefaultGame=Botpack.DeathMatchPlus
DefaultServerGame=Botpack.DeathMatchPlus
ViewportManager=SDLDrv.SDLClient
Render=Render.Render
Input=Engine.Input
Canvas=Engine.Canvas

[Core.System]
PurgeCacheDays=30
SavePath=../Save
CachePath=../Cache
CacheExt=.uxx
Paths=../System/*.u
Paths=/path/to/ut/Maps/*.unr
Paths=/path/to/ut/Textures/*.utx
Paths=/path/to/ut/Sounds/*.uax
Paths=/path/to/ut/Music/*.umx
Suppress=DevLoad
Suppress=DevSave
Suppress=DevNetTraffic
Suppress=DevGarbage
Suppress=DevKill
Suppress=DevReplace
Suppress=DevSound
Suppress=DevCompile
Suppress=DevBind
Suppress=DevBsp

[Engine.GameEngine]
CacheSizeMegs=4
UseSound=False
ServerActors=IpDrv.UdpBeacon
ServerActors=IpServer.UdpServerQuery
;ServerActors=IpServer.UdpServerUplink MasterServerAddress=unreal.epicgames.com MasterServerPort=27900
;ServerActors=IpServer.UdpServerUplink MasterServerAddress=master0.gamespy.com MasterServerPort=27900
;ServerActors=IpServer.UdpServerUplink MasterServerAddress=master.mplayer.com MasterServerPort=27900
ServerActors=UWeb.WebServer
ServerPackages=SoldierSkins
ServerPackages=CommandoSkins
ServerPackages=FCommandoSkins
ServerPackages=SGirlSkins
ServerPackages=BossSkins
ServerPackages=Botpack

[Engine.Player]
ConfiguredInternetSpeed=20000
ConfiguredLanSpeed=20000

[IpDrv.TcpNetDriver]
AllowDownloads=True
ConnectionTimeout=15.0
InitialConnectTimeout=300.0
AckTimeout=1.0
KeepAliveTime=0.2
MaxClientRate=20000
SimLatency=0
RelevantTimeout=5.0
SpawnPrioritySeconds=1.0
ServerTravelPause=4.0
NetServerMaxTickRate=20
LanServerMaxTickRate=35
DownloadManagers=IpDrv.HTTPDownload
DownloadManagers=Engine.ChannelDownload

[Engine.DemoRecDriver]
DemoSpectatorClass=Botpack.CHSpectator
MaxClientRate=25000
ConnectionTimeout=15.0
InitialConnectTimeout=500.0
AckTimeout=1.0
KeepAliveTime=1.0
SimLatency=0
RelevantTimeout=5.0
SpawnPrioritySeconds=1.0
ServerTravelPause=4.0
NetServerMaxTickRate=60
LanServerMaxTickRate=60

[Engine.GameReplicationInfo]
ServerName=Generic UT Server
ShortName=UT Server
AdminName=Lamer
AdminEmail=root@localhost
Region=0
MOTDLine1=
MOTDLine2=
MOTDLine3=
MOTDLine4=

[IpDrv.TcpipConnection]
SimPacketLoss=0
SimLatency=0

[IpServer.UdpServerUplink]
DoUpLink=False
UpdateMinutes=1
MasterServerPort=27900

[IpServer.UdpServerQuery]
GameName=ut

[IpDrv.UdpBeacon]
DoBeacon=True
BeaconTime=0.50
BeaconTimeout=5.0
BeaconProduct=ut

[UMenu.UnrealConsole]
RootWindow=UMenu.UMenuRootWindow
UWindowKey=IK_Esc
ShowDesktop=False

[UMenu.UMenuMenuBar]
ShowHelp=True
GameUMenuDefault=UTMenu.UTGameMenu
MultiplayerUMenuDefault=UTMenu.UTMultiplayerMenu
OptionsUMenuDefault=UTMenu.UTOptionsMenu
ModMenuClass=UMenu.UMenuModMenu

[Botpack.ChallengeBotInfo]
Difficulty=1

[Botpack.DeathMatchPlus]
bNoviceMode=True
bHardCoreMode=False
bUseTranslocator=True
bCoopWeaponMode=False
MinPlayers=8
AirControl=0.350000
bChangeLevels=True
bMegaSpeed=False
bAltScoring=False
bTournament=False
NetWait=10
RestartWait=15
InitialBots=10
FragLimit=30
TimeLimit=0
bMultiWeaponStay=False
bForceRespawn=False
MaxCommanders=0
bNoMonsters=False
bHumansOnly=False
bClassicDeathMessages=False

[Botpack.CTFGame]
bUseTranslocator=True
bCoopWeaponMode=True
GoalTeamScore=3.000000
bNoTeamChanges=False
FriendlyFireScale=0.000000
MaxTeams=2
MaxTeamSize=16
FragLimit=0
TimeLimit=0
bMultiWeaponStay=True
bForceRespawn=False
MaxCommanders=0
bNoMonsters=False
bHumansOnly=True
bClassicDeathMessages=False

[Botpack.Domination]
bDumbDown=True
bUseTranslocator=True
bCoopWeaponMode=True
GoalTeamScore=100.000000
bNoTeamChanges=False
FriendlyFireScale=0.000000
MaxTeams=2
MaxTeamSize=16
FragLimit=30
TimeLimit=0
bMultiWeaponStay=True
bForceRespawn=False
MaxCommanders=0
bNoMonsters=False
bHumansOnly=False
bClassicDeathMessages=False

[Botpack.Assault]
bUseTranslocator=False
bCoopWeaponMode=True
Defenses=3
SavedTime=0.000000
NumDefenses=0
CurrentDefender=0
bDefenseSet=False
bTiePartOne=False
GameCode=
Part=1
bNoTeamChanges=False
FriendlyFireScale=0.000000
MaxTeams=2
GoalTeamScore=0.000000
MaxTeamSize=16
FragLimit=0
TimeLimit=7
bMultiWeaponStay=False
bForceRespawn=False
MaxCommanders=2
bNoMonsters=False
bHumansOnly=False
bClassicDeathMessages=False

[Botpack.TeamGamePlus]
bBalanceTeams=True
GoalTeamScore=30
bPlayersBalanceTeams=True

[Engine.GameInfo]
bLowGore=False
bVeryLowGore=False
bMuteSpectators=False
bNoCheating=True
bAllowFOV=False
AutoAim=0.930000
GameSpeed=1.000000
MaxSpectators=2
AdminPassword=
GamePassword=
MaxPlayers=16
IPPolicies[0]=ACCEPT,*
IPPolicies[1]=
IPPolicies[2]=
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IPPolicies[49]=
ServerLogName=server.log
bLocalLog=True
bWorldLog=True
bBatchLocal=False
DemoBuild=0
DemoHasTuts=0
bExternalBatcher=False
bNoMonsters=False
bHumansOnly=False
bCoopWeaponMode=False
bClassicDeathMessages=False

[UnrealShare.UnrealGameOptionsMenu]
bCanModifyGore=True

[UWeb.WebServer]
Applications[0]=UTServerAdmin.UTServerAdmin
ApplicationPaths[0]=/ServerAdmin
Applications[1]=UTServerAdmin.UTImageServer
ApplicationPaths[1]=/images
DefaultApplication=0
bEnabled=True
ListenPort=5080
MaxConnections=30

[UTServerAdmin.UTServerAdmin]
AdminUsername=utadmin
AdminPassword=utpasswd
MenuPage=menu
RootPage=root
CurrentPage=current
CurrentMenuPage=current_menu
CurrentIndexPage=current_index
CurrentPlayersPage=current_players
CurrentGamePage=current_game
CurrentConsolePage=current_console
CurrentConsoleLogPage=current_console_log
CurrentConsoleSendPage=current_console_send
DefaultSendText=say
CurrentMutatorsPage=current_mutators
CurrentRestartPage=current_restart
DefaultsPage=defaults
DefaultsMenuPage=defaults_menu
DefaultsMapsPage=defaults_maps
DefaultsRulesPage=defaults_rules
DefaultsSettingsPage=defaults_settings
DefaultsBotsPage=defaults_bots
DefaultsServerPage=defaults_server
DefaultsIPPolicyPage=defaults_ippolicy
DefaultsRestartPage=defaults_restart
MessageUHTM=message.uhtm
DefaultBG=#aaaaaa
HighlightedBG=#ffffff
AdminRealm=UT Remote Admin Server

[IpDrv.HTTPDownLoad]
UseCompression=True

[Engine.StatLog]
LocalBatcherURL=../NetGamesUSA.com/ngStats/ngStatsUT
LocalBatcherParams=
LocalStatsURL=../NetGamesUSA.com/ngStats/html/ngStats_Main.html
WorldBatcherURL=../NetGamesUSA.com/ngWorldStats/bin/ngWorldStats
WorldBatcherParams=-d ../NetGamesUSA.com/ngWorldStats/logs -g UT
WorldStatsURL=http://www.netgamesusa.com
LocalLogDir=../Logs
WorldLogDir=../NetGamesUSA.com/ngWorldStats/logs
bWorldBatcherError=False

[Botpack.TrainingDM]
FragLimit=3
TimeLimit=0
bMultiWeaponStay=True
bForceRespawn=False
bUseTranslocator=False
MaxCommanders=0
bNoMonsters=False
bHumansOnly=False
bCoopWeaponMode=False
bClassicDeathMessages=False

[Botpack.TrainingDOM]
bDumbDown=True
bNoTeamChanges=False
FriendlyFireScale=0.000000
MaxTeams=2
GoalTeamScore=100.000000
MaxTeamSize=16
FragLimit=0
TimeLimit=0
bMultiWeaponStay=True
bForceRespawn=False
bUseTranslocator=True
MaxCommanders=0
bNoMonsters=False
bHumansOnly=False
bCoopWeaponMode=True
bClassicDeathMessages=False

[UTMenu.UTServerSetupPage]
bLanPlay=True

[UTMenu.UTStartGameCW]
Map=DM-Deck16][.unr
GameType=BotPack.DeathMatchPlus
MutatorList=
bKeepMutators=False

[Botpack.TDMmaplist]
Maps[0]=DM-Liandri.unr
Maps[1]=DM-Codex.unr
Maps[2]=DM-Grinder.unr
Maps[3]=DM-Pressure.unr
Maps[4]=DM-HyperBlast.unr
Maps[5]=DM-Peak.unr
Maps[6]=DM-KGalleon.unr
Maps[7]=DM-Turbine.unr
Maps[8]=DM-StalwartXL.unr
Maps[9]=DM-Curse][.unr
Maps[10]=DM-Deck16][.unr
Maps[11]=DM-Phobos.unr
Maps[12]=
Maps[13]=
Maps[14]=
Maps[15]=
Maps[16]=
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Maps[27]=
Maps[28]=
Maps[29]=
Maps[30]=
Maps[31]=
MapNum=0

[Botpack.TrainingCTF]
bNoTeamChanges=False
FriendlyFireScale=0.000000
MaxTeams=2
GoalTeamScore=3.000000
MaxTeamSize=16
FragLimit=0
TimeLimit=0
bMultiWeaponStay=True
bForceRespawn=False
bUseTranslocator=True
MaxCommanders=0
bNoMonsters=False
bHumansOnly=True
bCoopWeaponMode=True
bClassicDeathMessages=False

[UTMenu.UTMenuBotmatchCW]
Map=DM-Gothic.unr
GameType=BotPack.DeathMatchPlus
MutatorList=
bKeepMutators=False

[Botpack.ASMapList]
Maps[0]=AS-Hispeed.unr
Maps[1]=AS-Frigate.unr
Maps[2]=AS-Rook.unr
Maps[3]=AS-Mazon.unr
Maps[4]=AS-OceanFloor.unr
Maps[5]=AS-Overlord.unr
Maps[6]=AS-Guardia.unr
Maps[7]=
Maps[8]=
Maps[9]=
Maps[10]=
Maps[11]=
Maps[12]=
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Maps[14]=
Maps[15]=
Maps[16]=
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Maps[27]=
Maps[28]=
Maps[29]=
Maps[30]=
Maps[31]=
MapNum=0

-----[snip]-----

A few things of note here.

The following values should be changed before the server is launched for the first time:

[Core.System]
Paths=../System/*.u
Paths=/path/to/ut/Maps/*.unr
Paths=/path/to/ut/Textures/*.utx
Paths=/path/to/ut/Sounds/*.uax
Paths=/path/to/ut/Music/*.umx

Should all be set to where Unreal Tournament is installed.

[Engine.GameEngine]
;ServerActors=IpServer.UdpServerUplink

Should be uncommented if you wish to link your Unreal Tournament server into an existing Unreal Tournament league and have it accessible over the Internet.

[IpServer.UdpServerUplink]
DoUpLink=False

Additionally, if you do want to link your UT server with an Internet league, you will need to allow UpLinking.

[Engine.Player]
ConfiguredInternetSpeed=20000

This should be set to the allocated bandwidth (in bytes per second) for each player. Leaving it at the recommended 20000 is good.

[Engine.GameReplicationInfo]
ServerName=Generic UT Server
ShortName=UT Server
AdminName=Lamer
AdminEmail=root@localhost
Region=0
MOTDLine1=
MOTDLine2=
MOTDLine3=
MOTDLine4=

All of that should be changed.

[Engine.GameInfo]
AdminPassword=
MaxPlayers=16

An admin password should be set, and the Max Players should be set to a sane value (See ConfiguredInternetSpeed).

[UWeb.WebServer]
bEnabled=True
ListenPort=5080

One of the most interesting aspects of running a UT server is the web-server interface for admins. By setting bEnabled to True and specifying a ListenPort, you can administer an UnrealTournament server via a normal Web Browser.

[UTServerAdmin.UTServerAdmin]
AdminUsername=utadmin
AdminPassword=utpasswd
AdminRealm=UT Remote Admin Server

If you do decide to run the UT Webserver interface (Recommended), the above values should be set. AdminRealm is less important, but will be used by your browser to know when to ask for the administrator username and password.

All other values should be checked and seasoned to taste.

7.4. Starting the server

To start the Unreal Tournament server, you will need to use the command "ucc server" and specify a few things on the command line. These being:

  • Mapname - Name of the map to start from the Maps/ directory, minus the .unr extension.

  • Gametype - One of Botpack.DeathMatchPlus, Botpack.Domination, Botpack.CTFGame.

  • INI - The config file to use to start the server.

  • LOG - the log file the server should use.

  • Port - (Optional) the port the UT server should use.

Most of this is specified in the config file, but the mapname and Gametype are required.

Here is an example:

$ ucc server "DM-Turbine?game=Botpack.DeathMatchPlus" ini=ucc.ini log=ucc.log

I quoted the mapname and gametype because of the presence of the ? (Linux shells use that as a wild card) and because a lot of Unreal Tournament maps have odd characters in their name (DM-Deck16][ anyone?). I recommend they always be quoted.

Once the server starts, it will load the settings specified in the System/ucc.ini file and load the game.

I also recommend the server be started with the nohup command and placed in the background. All the configuration will take place in the web interface.

7.5. Administrating the server

Administering the server is as easy as browsing a website. When you started the server, you should have seen something like this toward the end:

Spawning: IpDrv.UdpBeacon
Spawning: IpServer.UdpServerQuery
Spawning: UWeb.WebServer
Bound to UWeb.so

Notice the UWeb.Webserver and UWeb.so sections? Those are the webserver, and since it didn't give any errors, we know it's running.

Now, in the configuration section, you told it what port to listen on:

[UWeb.WebServer]
bEnabled=True
ListenPort=5080

So, to connect to the administration server, you would need to browse to http://utserver:5080/ServerAdmin

The first thing that will happen is that your browser will ask you for authentication. Back in the configuration file, we specified that:

[UTServerAdmin.UTServerAdmin]
AdminUsername=utadmin
AdminPassword=utpasswd
AdminRealm=UT Remote Admin Server

So in this case, you would sign in as utadmin with a password of utpasswd (You had better change these before you actually start the server).

Once you are authenticated, you are presented with an interface that allows you to specify the game type, map, number of bots and connections as well as kick and ban users. It's all very point-n-click.