7.13. Creating the setclock script

The following script is only for real use when the hardware clock (also known as BIOS or CMOS clock) isn't set to GMT time. The recommended setup is setting the hardware clock to GMT and having the time converted to localtime using the /etc/localtime symbolic link. But if an OS is run that doesn't understand a clock set to GMT (most notable are Microsoft OS'es) you may want to set the clock to localtime so that the time is properly displayed on those OS'es. This script will then set the kernel time to the hardware clock without converting the time using the /etc/localtime symlink.

Create the /etc/init.d/setclock script by running the following command:

cat > /etc/init.d/setclock << "EOF"
# Begin /etc/init.d/setclock

# Include the functions declared in the /etc/init.d/functions file
# and include the variables from the /etc/sysconfig/clock file

source /etc/init.d/functions
source /etc/sysconfig/clock

# Right now we want to set the kernel clock according to the hardware
# clock, so we use the -hctosys parameter.


# If the UTC variable is set in the /etc/sysconfig/clock file, add the
# -u parameter as well which tells hwclock that the hardware clock is
# set to UTC time instead of local time.

case "$UTC" in
                CLOCKPARAMS="$CLOCKPARAMS --utc"
                CLOCKPARAMS="$CLOCKPARAMS --localtime"

echo -n "Setting clock..."
/sbin/hwclock $CLOCKPARAMS

# End /etc/init.d/setclock

7.13.1. Creating the /etc/sysconfig/clock file

If you want to use this script on your system even if the hardware clock is set to GMT, then the UTC variable below has to be changed to the value of 1.

Create a new file /etc/sysconfig/clock by running the following:

cat > /etc/sysconfig/clock << "EOF"
# Begin /etc/sysconfig/clock


# End /etc/sysconfig/clock

Now, you may want to take a look at a very good hint explaining how we deal with time on LFS at http://hints.linuxfromscratch.org/hints/time.txt. It explains issues such as timezones, UTC, and the TZ environment variable.