This section contains an overview of principal modes using with RPM for installing, uninstalling, upgrading, querying, listing, and checking RPM packages on your Linux system. You must be familiar with these RPM commands now because we'll use them often in the continuation of this book. To install a RPM package, use the command:
[root@deep] /#rpm -ivh foo-1.0-2.i386.rpm
Take a note that RPM
packages have a file of names like foo-1.0-2.i386.rpm,
which include the package name (foo), version (1.0), release (2), and architecture (i386).
To uninstall a RPM package, use the command:
Notice that we used the package name foo,
not the name of the original package file foo-1.0-2.i386.rpm.
To upgrade a RPM package, use the command:
[root@deep] /#rpm -Uvh foo-1.0-2.i386.rpm
With this command, RPM
automatically uninstall the old version of foo
package and install the new one. Always use rpm -Uvh
to install packages, since it works fine even when there are no previous versions of the package installed.
To query a RPM package, use the command:
This command will print the package name, version, and release number of installed package foo.
Use this command to verify that a package is or is not installed on your system.
To display package information, use the command:
[root@deep] /#rpm -qi foo
This command display package information; includes name, version, and description of the installed program. Use this command to get information about the installed package.
To list files in package, use the command:
This command will list all files in a installed RPM
package. It works only when the package is already installed on your system.
To check a RPM signature package, use the command:
[root@deep] /#rpm --checksig foo
This command checks the PGP
signature of specified package to ensure its integrity and origin. Always use this command first before installing new RPM
package on your system. Also, GnuPG
software must be already installed on your system before you can use this command.